Volume 3, Issue 4, August 2017, Page: 41-47
Risky Sexual Behavior and Associated Factors Among Adolescent Students in Tana Haik High School, Bahir Dar, Northern Ethiopia
Hiwot Amare, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Muluken Azage, Bahir Dar University, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Mahider Negash, Merystopes International MCH Clinic, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Abinet Getachew, Merystopes International MCH Clinic, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
Adinew Desale, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Nardos Abebe, Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Aug. 4, 2017;       Accepted: Aug. 23, 2017;       Published: Oct. 17, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijhpebs.20170304.12      View  2708      Downloads  436
Abstract
Introduction: Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. World Health Organization defines adolescent as the person between 10 and 19 years of age. Adolescents’ sexual behavior threatens the physical, psychological, social health and well-being of this group. Therefore, assessing the sexual behavior of adolescent students is essential to evaluate vulnerability and this enables one take appropriate preventive measure. Objective: The objective of this study is to assess the risky sexual behavior of school adolescents and responsible factors influencing their risky sexual behavior practices in Tana Haik Secondary and Preparatory School, Bahir Dar, Northern Ethiopia, 2016. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out using questionnaire. A systematic random sampling was used to get the total sample size of 308 participants. A pre-tested, structured questionnaire was used to collect quantitative data and Data analysis was done using SPSS version 16.0 software packages. Result: Out of the study participants, 79 (26%) respondents were practiced sexual intercourse. Among the sexually active students 73% were not utilized condoms, 34% of them had more than one partner and 5% reported to have sexual intercourse with commercial sex workers. Personal pressure (46%), peer pressure (27%), forced (10%), alcohol and chat influence (9%) and economic problem (9%) were the reasons reported for the initiation of the first sexual practice. Fifty-nine (19%) of the study participants were developed risky sexual behaviors. Participants’ educational level, marital status, parental marital status, living status, and alcohol consumption were predictor factors for the existence of different sexual behaviors. Conclusion: A considerable number of school adolescents had started sexual activity early and have practiced risky sexual behavior that might predispose them to different sexual and reproductive health problems. Delay in sex debut and reducing risky sexual behavior among adolescents can be achieved through well designed sexual education programs at the school.
Keywords
Risky Sexual Behavior, Associate Factors, School adolescent, Bahir Dar City
To cite this article
Hiwot Amare, Muluken Azage, Mahider Negash, Abinet Getachew, Adinew Desale, Nardos Abebe, Risky Sexual Behavior and Associated Factors Among Adolescent Students in Tana Haik High School, Bahir Dar, Northern Ethiopia, International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2017, pp. 41-47. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhpebs.20170304.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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