Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2018, Page: 1-4
Prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Among Students of Medical Laboratory Sciences in Port Sudan Ahlia College
Abd Elrahman Mustafa Abd Elrahman Osman, Medical Laboratory Sciences Division, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
Shingray Osman Hashim, Medical Laboratory Sciences Division, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
Mohammed Abdall Musa, Medical Laboratory Sciences Division, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
Omer Mohammed Tahir, Medical Laboratory Sciences Division, Port Sudan Ahlia College, Port Sudan, Sudan
Received: Oct. 11, 2017;       Accepted: Dec. 15, 2017;       Published: Feb. 7, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijhpebs.20180401.11      View  1226      Downloads  87
Abstract
Hepatitis B virus infection is a salient occupational hazard for health workers. It has been estimated that about two billion people worldwide have been infected with the virus. It is the 10th leading cause of death worldwide and results in 500,000 to 1.2million deaths per year due to cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The presence of HBsAg in serum or plasma is an indication of active Hepatitis B infection, either acute or chronic. Healthcare workers, of which medical students are a part of, are at high risk of encountering accidental needle prick injuries, blood and body fluid exposure and hence acquiring blood borne infections, especially Hepatitis B which may be followed by serious long term sequelae in a significant number of cases. The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence rate of Hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) among the Port Sudan Ahlia College, Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences students, during the period from January to May 2012 AD. The study included male and female individual's aged18-25 years. It was found that the incidence of hepatitis B virus among the students under study amounted to 2% using the Immuno-Chromatography Test (ICT). Seroprevalence was recorded in the females (2.0%) than males (0.0%) students. Other studies are required in the future for more confirmation with more specific and sensitive Techniques; such as: analysis by Enzyme linked Immuno Sorbent Assay (E. L. I. S. A.) Technique and Polymerase Chain Reaction (P. C. R). Participated in this study, qualitative detection of HBsAg was done using one step HBsAg rapid test strips (DiaSpot Diagnostics, USA). Results were correlated and reported as positive or negative. Among the 50 samples analyzed, 2 samples were positive for HBsAg accounting for a prevalence rate of 2.0%. This prevalence was however statistically non – significant (p0.05). The major risk factors of hepatitis B transmission among medical students include unprotected exposure body fluids, blood and blood products as well as lack of vaccination.
Keywords
Seroprevalence, Port Sudan, Hepatitis B Virus, ICT, E. L. I. S. A., P. C. R.
To cite this article
Abd Elrahman Mustafa Abd Elrahman Osman, Shingray Osman Hashim, Mohammed Abdall Musa, Omer Mohammed Tahir, Prevalence of Hepatitis B Surface Antigen Among Students of Medical Laboratory Sciences in Port Sudan Ahlia College, International Journal of HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Behavioural Science. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-4. doi: 10.11648/j.ijhpebs.20180401.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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